因其处于高原生态食物链的顶端,雪豹亦被人们称为“高海拔生态系统健康与否的气压计”而由于非法捕猎等多种人为因素,雪豹的数量正急剧减少。
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中国2000 - 2013年的雪豹偷猎与贸易

项目负责人:李娟,吕植
Snow leopard poaching and trade in China 2000–2013

Juan Lia, Zhi Lu

Abstract:

  The snow leopard is a flagship species of the alpine ecosystem in the Central Asia, with China comprising nearly 60% of the habitat and population. It was listed as endangered by IUCN and included in Appendix I of CITES in the 1970s. Poaching for its fur and bones is a significant and increasing threat to snow leopards globally. However, little detailed information is available on snow leopard poaching in China. Here, we collected all reported cases of snow leopard poaching and trade in China 2000–2013. We found that snow leopard parts were mainly traded in the major cities within their range provinces, but also began to emerge in a few coastal cities after 2010. Household interviews in the Sanjiangyuan Region in Qinghai Province showed that in this sub region alone, 11 snow leopards were killed annually, accounting for about 1.2% of the estimated snow leopard population there.

中国2000 - 2013年的雪豹偷猎与贸易 

李娟,吕植

摘要:


        雪豹是中亚山地生态系统的旗舰物种,其中雪豹在中国的栖息地和种群占到了全球的近60%。雪豹被IUCN列为“濒危”物种,并在1970年代被列入CITES附录Ⅰ。但是,偷猎雪豹以获取其皮毛和骨头仍然是全球雪豹的重要威胁因素之一。然而,几乎没有可用的中国雪豹的偷猎和贸易的详细信息。这里,我们收集了从2000年到2013年期间所有被报道的中国的雪豹偷猎与贸易案件。我们发现,雪豹贸易主要发生在其分布省份的大城市,但从2010年后也开始在少数沿海城市出现。同时,我们在青海省三江源地区的入户访谈的结果表明,仅仅在这个地区,每年就有11只雪豹被猎杀,约占当地雪豹种群数量的1.2%。


原文地址: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006320714002213